At St Thomas Aquinas Catholic Primary School, our geography curriculum provides children with the knowledge, skills and understanding to inspire them to become global, sustainable citizens. We aspire for children to be curious and passionate geographers, who understand the current human and physical challenges to our planet and to appreciate their role in ensuring a sustainable future.


At St Thomas Aquinas we follow The National Curriculum and through the teaching of Geography we aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
    • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
    • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
    • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length 


Please click here to see St Thomas Aquinas' Topic Overview for the school 


Geography Skills Progression Ladder



EYFS (Science links too)

Understanding the world:


People and Communities:

ELG - 

  • To know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions. 


The World:

22-36 months -

  • To notice detailed features of objects in their environment.

30-50 months - 

  • To comment and ask questions about aspects of their familiar world, such as the place where they live or the natural world.
  • To talk about some of the things they have observed, such as plants, animals, natural and found objects.
  • To talk about why things happen and how things work.
  • To develop an understanding of growth, decay and changes over time.
  • To show care and concern for living things and the environment.

40-60 months -

  • To look closely at similarities, patterns and change.


  • To know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. To talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.


Key Stage 1

In Key Stage 1 children will develop their knowledge about the United Kingdom and their own locality. They’ll learn how to use maps, atlases and globes as well as learn simple compass directions. The children will also study seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and look at the hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the North and South Poles.

Using a compass to find the direction of the wind
Using a compass to find the direction of the wind

Key Stage 2

In Key Stage 2 the children will look to extend their knowledge to beyond their local area and will study Europe as well as North and South America. They will begin to look at similarities and differences of human geography such as types of settlement and land use. They will also study physical geography elements such as climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes. Children will continue to use maps, atlases and globes and will use the 8 points of the compass in their work. They will start to consider the use of four and six figure grid references and ordinance survey maps.


Throughout the school, Geography is taught through a cross-curricular approach where applicable and appropriate, so that children are immersed and gain a deeper insight into the topic they are studying.